Yamas – self ethnic virtues
The Yoga teacher training strives to highlight some of the most basic elements of yoga as specified by the Patanjali yogasutra. Patanjali talks about Eight limbs of yoga, Yamas are one of first limb of the Patanjali yoga sutra. Well in very simple terms, Yamas are the various self ethnical virtues that need to be practice on path of hatha yoga.
The word Yama means reining in, and the essential purpose of the Yamas is bringing in this restraining and awareness factor. According to Patanjali yogasutra, there are five key yamas that need to be mastered. These include
Ahimsa: Non violence
Practicing non-violence and extending compassion to all beings around you, Here it is same for self also. One needs to be loving and caring to self. Many time we run over ourself, hurt ourself because of our neediness, trying to prove our self better than other. Same we do while doing Asana on the Mat, ahimsa is respecting bodily limits
This is quite a challenging Yama, where many questions arise, It is difficult in this world to follow this Yama,truth is that we have to start somewhere. Commitment to oneself to speak truth is a healthy thing, this society has trained us from childhood to lie. which has lead us to a phycological stress, sickness, Being in phoney world we have forgotten to be truthful to self and others. Yoga supports honesty. questions is how? where and when honesty of words and actions to start? Just start and it will follow slowly in life.
Asteya: Non stealing
It has more meaning than just Non stealing, sometime in life we do not know we all steal, its not just material things, also Time, Emotion, Love, Attention. Not to steal anything that does not belong to us.that is very important. A very important lesson to learn here.
Brahmacharya: Moving towards Godliness
A very misunderstood concept has been about this yamas, so many social people do not like to call them self yogi, or do not want to do yoga just for this reason. Brahma means Godliness, Charya means moving towards. This yama means to do things which takes us towards godliness, Anything that you do is doing like a pure intention. In this world, We are obsess with sexuality, which is not supporting to go inwards, even an advertise for a washing powder will include sexy woman. With this yamas, we are staying aware of sexual energy. Not being obsess with it to over power us, but transforming it to higher centers, keeping our vitality with self. Chastity of character. Also the any desires they are creating distance between us and godliness. Being aware of that is called Brahmacharya.
Aparigraha: Non Possessiveness
Last but very important one. We all have deep longing in heart, we call it is for love, but it is longing for union, we are disconnected from godliness at birth, therefore a big hole in the heart. and to fulfill this gap we start collecting,greed takes over, becoming possessive, This yama tell to be aware of that feeling, Letting go the excess baggage, both emotional and physical
So in a way these Yamas as behavioral codes that every yoga teacher will stress upon and has now become an integral part of the 200 Hours Yoga TTC. These valuable life lessons are seen as bringing in balance of the inner and exterior being and helping you enjoy a more peaceful and healthy existence.
These Yamas find great importance in Patanjali yogasutra and have been considered as sacred universal vows. The most striking aspect of the Yamas that any Yoga teacher would highlight is the need to be practiced in a balanced and comprehensive manner during Hatha yoga teacher training, explaining with examples how to bring this yamas on the and off the mat in life.. It is not just about physical restraint. The Yamas talk about restraint of the mind, action and even your words.
Therefore the reason these Yamas find such prominent position in 200 yoga teacher training is that the yoga teacher training strives to provide you with the most comprehensive yogic experience. No yoga training is considered complete without bringing these Yamas into position. Given the unending opportunities and powerhouse of strength that Hatha Yoga encapsulates, these Yamas help to bring in order amidst chaos.